The work plan of the proposed action, IRIS-SES, is divided into 4 main activities, whereas a 5th one is devoted to the coordination, management, public outreach and dissemination of results.
The main activities planned within this action and their implementation will be described below:
Activity 1: Analysis of the monitoring programs carried on the framework of European/Regional/National legislation in relation to MSFD requirements
Activity leader: NMRD (Romania) Dr Luminita Lazar
Participants: HCMR (Greece), IEO (Spain), Univ of Salento (Italy), Univ of Athens (Greece), IO-BAS (Bulgaria), TUBITAK (Turkey), Plan Blue (France)
Start date: 1st month
End date: 5th month, continuous update related to other activites. Final Draft Report on 17th month, Final Report 18th month.
The main aim of the Activity 1 will be the preparation of a catalogue and a comprehensive analysis of the existing monitoring programs related to European Directives (WFD, Habitats and Birds Directive, Common Fisheries Policy, UNEP/MAP Barcelona Convention and Black Sea commissions, other Regional Seas Conventions etc) and other national or international programs in the Mediterranean and Black Seas (such as PERSEUS and MISIS, COCONET, DEVOTES), in order to assess the contribution of these programs to meeting MSFD needs.
In the Mediterranean region, pollution monitoring is being implemented under in the framework of UNEP/MAP MED POL in a coordinated manner since 1980 (MED POL Phase II) to implement the relevant provisions of the Barcelona Convention and the LBS Protocol. During the MED POL Phases III (1996-2005) and IV (2006-2013), national monitoring programmes were harmonized, a data quality control system was applied and national monitoring data were submitted to the MED POL database. The MED POL monitoring programme includes state and trend monitoring of hazardous substances and eutrophication parameters, as well as a pilot programme on biological effects monitoring. Additionally, MED POL has implemented a periodical inventory of pollution sources and loads from land based activities, in the framework of the LBS Protocol and the Strategic Action Programme (SAP) to Address Pollution from Land-based Activities (adopted in 1997 and launched in 2000). Also, compliance monitoring was coordinated, in order to assess the effectiveness of action plans, programmes and measures for pollution control implemented by the Governments (compliance monitoring – microbiological pollution).
In the Black Sea, Romanian, Bulgaria and Turkey are part of the BSIMAP (Black Sea Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Programme), but compliance with its requirements is not regulated in the national legislation.
Black Sea states Ministries of Environment nominate Institutions which monitor pressures, state and impacts in the Black Sea in the frames of the National Monitoring Systems and report the data to the Black Sea Information System (BSIS). Therefore, the data collected in this manner are not a product of an integrated monitoring program strategy and cannot be used for ecosystem-based approach to assessment of the Black Sea environment status.