DIRECTIVE 2008/56/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive). THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 175(1) thereof, having regard to(…)
Integrated Correspondence Groups of GES and Targets Meeting Athens (Greece), 17-19 February 2014. Click here to read and download this document.
HELCOM MORE: towards a better monitoring strategy The main objective of the HELCOM MORE project (revision of HELCOM monitoring programmes 2012-2013) is to revise HELCOM’s coordinated Monitoring. The first main outcome of this process will be the revised HELCOM Monitoring and Assessment Strategy1 accompanied by an overview of current monitoring of the Baltic Sea marine(…)
The 2008 European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC) includes a re-quirement for EU Member States to report on the environmental status of the seas under their jurisdiction and to work to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES). This is de-fined by eleven qualitative descriptors, and one of them deals with „Food Webs‟. The Task Group 4 „Food(…)
Sea-floor integrity is at a level that ensures that the structure and functions of the ecosystems are safeguarded and benthic ecosystems, in particular, are not adversely affected. Sea Floor includes both the physical structure and biotic composition of the benthic community. Integrity includes the characteristic functioning of natural ecosystem processes and spatial connectedness. There are no(…)
Recommendations for Quality Descriptor TG5: Eutrophication Human-induced eutrophication is minimised, especially adverse effects thereof, such as losses in biodiversity, ecosystem degradation, harmful algae blooms and oxygen deficiency in bottom waters. Definition of terms in Descriptor and understanding of the key concepts Eutrophication is a process driven by enrichment of water by nutrients, especially compounds of nitrogen and/or phosphorus,(…)